Ndivhuho Tshikovhi, Andréa Santos, Xiaolong Zou, Fulufhelo Netswera, Irina Zotovna Yarygina, Sriram Divi. COVID-19 and climate change in BRICS nations. Taylor and Francis eBooks. December 28, 2023.

Abstract: This book provides a quantitative and qualitative overview of the overall impact that the COVID-19 pandemic had on the ability of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS countries) to reshape global climate governance and explore areas of mutual benefit. cooperation.

The BRICS countries represent almost 40% of the total world population and are therefore intrinsic to global efforts and outcomes for the 2030 Agenda, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Paris Agreement and beyond. At first, the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic does not appear to be directly related to BRICS policies to address climate change, but it has influenced the pace and nature of climate action due to the loss of human capital and financial. This book examines this correlation and raises awareness about the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and possible solutions on BRICS climate strategies. Drawing on case studies from each country, the authors use examples from urban governance, energy transition strategy, foreign investment and more to illustrate how COVID-19 has negatively or positively impacted climate data and draw broader conclusions about climate policies to follow. long term that can be implemented.

This volume will be of great interest to students and scholars of climate change, environmental policy and governance, and global development studies.

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Victor Hugo Souza de Abreu, Thaís Guedes Máximo Monteiro, Adriano de Oliveira Vasconcelos & Andrea Souza Santos. Climate Change Adaptation Strategies for Road Transportation Infrastructure: A Systematic Review on Flooding Events.. 

Abstract: During the last decades, the number of flooding events has increased significantly, due to the global trend of urbanization and climate change, becoming a recurring biophysical impact, resulting in major physical disruption to water and wastewater systems, life and economic losses, and damage to the critical infrastructure. For the road transportation sector, this reality is indisputable, as severe flooding events tend to severely damage the transportation infrastructure and reduce the network connectivity, increasing repair, maintenance, and construction costs. Thus, through a systematic literature review, with direct database searches and application of inclusion and qualification (quality and applicability) filters, a repository of 213 publications on adaptation strategies applied to reduce the impacts of flooding on road infrastructure is developed. Most of these studies have been published since 2014, due to the publication of the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It should also be noted that, of the overall total, only 47% of studies deal specifically with the road transportation sector (the remaining 53% cite the sector only as an example), thus demonstrating the urgency of further studies on the topic. It should also be noted that the climate risk assessment, involving the creation of current and future flood risk maps, is essential for determining the best climate change adaptation strategies for road transportation infrastructure. As flood damages and costs are largely and strictly site-specific, analyses are critical for guiding land use decisions and evaluating adaptation strategies that can be divided into hard adaptation (optimization or redesign of hydraulic components, installation of protective structures and optimization of environmental conditions) and soft adaptation (creation of transportation-focused master plans and development of quantitative models and systems).

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